Developers now have many technologies available for projects. But these are some of the biggest and most basic advantages ASP.NET provides.
- ASP.NET requires less coding for application development.
- Just in time compilation, early binding and caching services are available right out of the box.
- You can reuse a large library of built-in classes. This significantly reduces the amount of coding required.
- ASP.NET supports common language runtime. Subsequently, it can support several languages, such as C#, VB, etc.
- Execution is fast. The ASP application is located in the server in compiled form. This reduces response time.
- Security features, such as Windows authentication and form authentication, are built right in.
- You can integrate ASP.NET with ADO.NET. This streamlines database functionalities for websites.
- ASP.NET separates presentation and programming logic with the use of code-behind classes.
Overall, the ASP-based approach provides a myriad of advanced capabilities. As a result, web development is easy for both laymen and professionals, and ASP dot net projects remain popular.
A brief history and explanation of ASP.NET versions
Microsoft released this ASP version on January 16, 2002 with along with Visual Studio.NET. It revolutionized the way people develop web applications. The brought an object-oriented approach to web development. This initial version also introduced the concept of data binding and exception handling.
Microsoft released 1.1 with Windows Server 2003 and Visual Studio.NET 2003 on April 24, 2003. This version added automatic validation input and mobile controls.
Microsoft released this third ASP.NET version along with Visual Studio 2005, SQL Server 2005 and Visual Web Developer Express on November 7, 2005. Codenamed Whidbey, it introduced features such as GridView, Formview, master and login pages, skins, themes and support for 64-bit processors. It also offered new data access techniques, such as SqlDataSource, XmlDatasource and ObjectDataSource.
Released on November 21, 2006, this version of ASP.NET gave developers advanced features such as Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) and Windows Workflow Foundation (WWF). It also offered ASP.NET login roles functionality, such as Windows Cardspace and ASP.NET service hosting capability (Windows Communication Foundation [WCF]).
Microsoft released 3.5 with Visual Studio 2008 and Windows Server 2008 on November 19, 2007. In this version, AJAX was introduced as part of the framework for the first time. Microsoft also added LINQ and a few data controls, such as Listview and Datapager. Microsoft released Service Pack 1 for ASP.NET 3.5 on August 11, 2008. The pack introduced ASP.NET dynamic data modeling.
Microsoft introduced this version along with Visual Studio 2010 on April 12, 2010. This ASP deployment further enhanced ASP.NET’s core features, such as ASP.NET MVC, ASP.NET Multi-Targeting, dynamic data and chart controls. Meta keyword and description capabilities helped in creating web pages that are SEO friendly.
Microsoft released 4.5 with Visual Studio 2012 and Windows Server 2012 for Windows 8 on August 15, 2012. It offered support for HTML5 and CSS3 and also brought about MVC 4 technology. It greatly improved web forms and data access services.
This version of the ASP.NET application was made public with Visual Studio 2013 for Windows Server 2012 R2 and Windows 8.1. It included Bootstrap, ASP.NET Scaffolding and ASP.NET Identity. This translates to more responsive web design, reduced time to develop standard data operations and improved login functionality.
Released on May 5, 2014, ASP.NET 4.5.2 provided new APIs for ASP.NET apps. It improved several APIs related to debugging and profiling. It also expanded resizing controls in Windows Forms, made some changes to event tracing and transactions and added a new workflow feature.
This version of the ASP web application came out with Visual Studio 2015 and EF 7 Previews for Windows Server 2016 and Windows 10 on July 20, 2015. It added support for HTTP/2 for Windows 10 users, as well as for Token Binding Protocol and randomized string hash algorithms. The version also added more APIs and improved or supported areas like WCF, WPF, WWF, Windows Forms, transactions and networking/socket reuse.
ASP.NET 5 RC1
This is the ASP latest version. Released November 18, 2015, it is considered part of an entirely new Microsoft project, ASP.NET Core. Thus, it’s also known as ASP.NET Core 1.0 (ASP dot net Core) or ASP Core.