C# is the premier language of Microsoft’s famous .NET framework. With the huge success of JAVA and its WORA (Write once run anywhere) feature, big bosses at Microsoft started to think that there was a need for the programming language that can compete with Java. As a result, C# was developed which is strongly typed and fully object-oriented.
The development proved highly successful for Microsoft since the premier language possessed more modernized functions which Java didn’t. Some of these were the ability to extend value types by utilizing the program alongside the inclusion of a higher number of vital data types.
Additionally, it could support the overloading of its operator with regard to multiple other operators while in comparison; Java was simply unable to do so. Furthermore, one of its many advantages over Java was the feature to use delegates (a delegate refers to type-safe method pointers).
The first version of the C# was released in 2000 as an integral part of Microsoft’s .NET framework. Before C#, Simple Managed C (SMC) compiler system was used for writing class libraries. C# was one of the many languages designed for common language interface.
The programming language comprises static, dynamic, safe, strong and lexically scoped disciplines. It serves to create XML web services, client applications, and distributed components. Amongst these, some of its other functions consist of database applications and client-server applications.
Its key features comprise of user interface designers, a modified and advanced code editor, and an integrated debugger. The range of tools utilized while working with c sharp programming eases the job of the developer based on its various advancements and .NET framework.
The language is exceedingly expressive yet uncomplicated and simplistic to learn for newer programmers or developers. Its brace syntax which happens to be curly is easily recognizable to developers knowledgeable of Java, C++ or even C.
The basic essence of the C# programming is drawn from the other languages and thus, users can begin almost immediately with C# in a highly productive manner.
Furthermore, the syntax of C# makes use of the complex features of the C++ however, it utilizes them in a simpler and easier way; this is evident through its provision of enumerations, lambda expressions, nullable value types and direct access to the memory. Once again, these components are not a part of Java programming.
Additionally, amongst these, C# is supportive of more generic methodologies and types which serve to improve performance and the quality of type safety.
This is followed by the utilization of iterators; these enable the usage of collection classes to dictate the definition of customized iteration behaviors which are all effectively simple to make use of by client codes. Lastly, The implementation of LINQ (Language-Integrated Query) allows the strongly-typed query to be converted into a first-class language construct.
C# was developed by a team of developers at Microsoft led by Anders Hejlsberg. Anders Hejlsberg had previously developed languages such as Embarcadero Delphi and Turbo Pascal. The development process was started in January 1999. Language was initially named COOL (C-like Object-Oriented Language). It was developed as a component of the .NET framework initially, followed by its approval by the ECMA.
In July 2000, Microsoft announced the .NET Project at a professional developer’s conference. By that time, the name COOL was considered final. However, due to trademark reasons, the language was renamed as C#.
The Entity Framework concept was released by Microsoft in the year 2008 and it too fell under the .NET framework 3.5. The latest versions of the entity framework are the EF Core and the EF6.
The Entity Framework was introduced by Microsoft in a bid to automate the otherwise extended and tiring process of applying business rules; earlier, in order to go about the process, a connection had to be established with the database, a DataSet was then created to submit or acquire the data and the data was lastly converted to .NET objects.
As stated earlier, the process was exceedingly longer in comparison to Microsoft’s Entity Framework which was later developed. Thus, the development of the more recent programming has increasingly eased the work of developers and coders globally.
Sun Microsystems’ co-founder Bill Joy and Author of Java James Gosling severely criticized C#. They maintained that C# was a downgraded version of Java with reliability, security, and productivity removed from Java. Authors of stream books Angelica Langer and Klaus Kreft said that C# and Java have astounding similarities and C# lacks innovation.
There is hardly anything that C# provides which Java doesn’t. However, at July 2000’s developer conference, Ander Hejlsberg retaliated by saying that C# is much closer to C++ in its design rather than to Java.
However, further support has been cited for C# due to its remarkable array of features which Java does not seem to possess as of yet. It lacks the complexities of C++ but consists of all its advantages, making it highly preferred over Java by a number of users.
Currently, C# 6.0 is the latest version of C# which was released on July 2000.