Linux is an open-source operating system. It is based on the Linux kernel and this operating system is a typical package in a Linux distribution. It was developed for the computers that were using intelx86 architecture. There are many commands in the Linux environment that are used for numerous other purposes. The following are some of the most important Linux commands which are frequently used by users while working in the Linux environment.
Here’s the list of Linux commands with examples that might be a great cheat sheet for any developer:
cd command is one of the most used Linux commands. The purpose of this command is to change the directory. In other words, it enables to switch between file lists. For example, if you needed to shift from the home directory to the myfile directory, you would enter the following command:
ls command is the most common and the most used command in the Linux environment. The ls command is also called as the list command which works in the Linux terminal to display all of the important folders or directories listed under a particular file system. For instance, the command:
man command is one of the best Linux commands. This command is also known as the manual command. It is used to display the manual use of the inserted command. In other words, it is the meta command of Linux. Entering the man command will display all the information about the command. For example:
The cat Linux command is a short form of concatenate. It lists the information of files to the Linux terminal window. This is much quicker than opening the file in an editor. If you want to read the data of
.bash_log_out file, enter the following command:
mkdir Linux is one of the basic Linux commands in the environment. As the name suggests, this command is used to make a directory or in other words, it used to create a directory. The following command will create a new folder called a test folder. An example of the mkdir command:
chmod command is used to set the file permission or a flag on a folder or a file. The flags describe who can read, write into the file or a folder. This is one of the most crucial commands of the Linux environment. It is widely used by the administrators. For example,
Just like the
mkdir Linux command,
rmdir is also one of the most used commands. This command allows users to remove any file or directory from a particular location. In other words, you can use this command to delete a particular directory. For example, the following command will remove the mydirectory from the system.
touch command is just like a
mkdir command. The main difference between touch command and mkdir is that the touch command allows its users to create a text file or a .doc file. For example
locate command is also called as the find command. This command is used to find or locate a particular file. This command is one of the common Linux commands. If you don’t know the exact name of the file or the exact destination of the particular file then this command is very useful. The following command will locate the file which contains the words “result”, “final” “total”
As the name suggests, this command is used to clear the Linux window terminal. For using this command user just has to type clear and then press enter. This is the most used command in the Linux command line environment.
rmdir which removes the directory,
rm command is used to remove the particular file. Suppose you want to remove .txt file or a .doc file then rm command is useful. For example,
mv command is one of the most used commands in the Linux environment. This command enables a user to move a file to another directory. For example,
curl command is used to extract information from Uniform Resource Locators (URLs) or IP addresses. If it is not installed in your Linux environment then, first of all, you have to use apt-get command to install curl package.
echo command is used to print the specified text on the terminal window. For example, if you want to print “Hello World” text on the terminal window then this command can be used.
free command is used to generate information about memory usage. It calculates for both the main Random Access Memory (RAM) and swap memory. For example
groups command is one of the most important commands of Linux environments. This command describes the membership of a particular user. In other words, it tells which user belongs to which particular group. For example,
head command is used to display the first 10 lines of a particular file. If you want to read fewer lines then the extension -n can be used. For example,
history command is most frequently used and one of the most important Linux commands. This command displays the list of the previously used commands. For using this command you just have to enter history.
password command is one of the useful Linux commands which is used to change your own password. This command is often used by the administrator to change other users’ password also. For example
ping command is the top command in the Linux environment. This command is always used to check the network connection or to troubleshoot networking issues. To use this command all you have to do is provide an IP address after ping. For example
alias command tells the shell to return one string with a different string while performing the commands. When users frequently have to apply a single command many times, in those circumstances, they use something called an alias. Alias is like an alternative command that will have the identical working as if they are addressing the entire command.
$ alias rm='rm -i'
ZIP is a confining and file packaging service for Linux. Each file is saved in a separate .zip file with the extension .zip. zip is used to shrink the files to decrease file size and also utilized as a file package utility. zip is free in various operating systems like Unix, Linux, windows, etc. The program is beneficial for packaging a collection of files for sharing; for archiving files; and for maintaining disk location by provisionally reducing additional files or folders.
dd is a command-line service for Linux operating systems whose main goal is to change and copy files. This is one of the most important commands. dd can also be utilized for chores such as backing up the boot area and getting a thickened mass of temporary data. It can also perform transformations on the data as it is depicted, like byte order exchanging and change to and from the ASCII and EBCDIC.
dd if = /dev/hda of = ~/hdadisk.img
The chown command enables users to modify the user and/or group control of an assigned file, directory, or representative link. In Linux, all files are connected with an owner and a collection and distributed with support access preferences for the file owner, the segments, and others. In Linux, each user has some characteristics affiliated with them. These characteristics include a user ID and a home directory. Users can add more users into a unit or a group to make the method of controlling users more straightforwardly. In this, a stipulated user can be connected with a “default group”. It can also be a segment of other groups on the machine. In Linux, regular users can modify the group of the file only if they hold the file rights and solely to a group of which they are a branch. Managing users can modify the group control of all files.
The sudo command lets users operate applications as a different user, by default the root. If the user uses a lot of time on the prompt then the sudo is one of the commands that users will utilize pretty often. This is the most important command. sudo is actually a “Super User DO” command in Linux. It is usually applied as a prefix of any command that the only superuser is permitted to execute. If someone prefixes “sudo” with any Linux command then that command runs with heightened rights or in other words provides a user with precise authorizations to perform a command as superuser.
sudo apt-get update
The Linux commands list can be endless but we reserve more techniques for the next tutorial.