SQL Query to Select Records by Multiple Children Attributes - ByteScout
  • Home
  • /
  • Blog
  • /
  • SQL Query to Select Records by Multiple Children Attributes

SQL Query to Select Records by Multiple Children Attributes

In this article, we’ll address that question, explain query classification, and demonstrate to you how to select records by multiple children attributes. This article is all about the SQL query to select records by multiple children attributes. Let’s take a look at it in more detail.

  1. Parent-Child Tree Explained
  2. Example Query For the Children of a Parent
  3. Main Types of Cursors in Data Modeling
  4. Parent-Child Structure – Wrapping Up


Parent-Child Tree Explained

If you’re intimately acquainted with data structures, you’re probably already aware that it’s a generic term for a parent-child structure. Both titles are very completely rational; a parent-child tree structure is a hierarchical collection of information. In other words, datasets have hierarchies. This indicates that one data element can be the parent of the other, which is then alluded to as a child. Objects, also recognized as tree levels or access points, can take three primary forms:

  • The parent-child tree usually starts with the root node.
  • A parent node would be any node that seems to have one or more heirs (or child) nodes.
  • A child node will be any node that has a lineage or parent node.

Example Query For the Children of a Parent

Because this is probably the easiest query, we will employ it to introduce you to the tree-like structure. In this, you will get the children of a particular parent. In this particular instance, we are searching for all employees of a department named Sales, whose ID is 40.

SELECT ename
FROM parent_child
WHERE parent_id = 40;

Now, the earlier example’s final result was, well, basic. It will only unveil the identities of the employees. Showcasing the parent’s name could be highly beneficial. That is accurately what we need. Instead of searching for the children of a parent, we will now glance for the child’s parents.

SELECT child.no AS child_no,
     child.ename AS child_e_name,
     child.full_name AS child_full_name,
     parent.ename AS parent_e_name,
     parent.full_name AS parent_full_name,
     parent.no AS parent_no
FROM parent_echild echild 
JOIN parent_echild eparent
  ON child.eparent_no = parent.no
WHERE child.no= 25;

It is critical to remember that a parent-child connection between two tables can be constructed only when one table has a PRIMARY KEY and the other table seems to have a FOREIGN KEY.

SELECT p.ord_id,b.client_name,a.client_num,
FROM sales d,client b,orders p
WHERE b.client_city=d.region
AND a.client_num=b.client_client_num
AND a.sale_code=c.sell_code;

The perfect example is the most challenging, but it’s also the most intriguing. Or, at the very bare minimum, its outcome is. It would be a pity to search tree construction without the capability to present data in a tree form.

The goal here is to reveal everyone at the table. Moreover, each lineage must be illustrated in such a manner that it is completely obvious whose child they are and to which era they deserve a place. This is a tree point of view.

WITH RECURSIVE tree_display AS (
    SELECT no,
         0 AS level,
         CAST(no AS varchar(60)) AS number_sequence
    FROM parent_children
    WHERE parent_no IS NULL
    SELECT parent.no,
         level + 1 AS level,
         CAST(number_sequence || '_' || CAST(parent.no AS VARCHAR (60)) AS VARCHAR(60)) AS number_sequence
    FROM parent_children parent
    JOIN tree_display ds
      ON parent.parent_no = ds.no
   RIGHT('------------',level*3) || ename || ' ' || lastname 
     AS parent_children_tree
FROM tree_display
ORDER BY number_sequence;

A recursive connection exists when one record is connected to another record within the same table. This kind of relationship has widely termed a hierarchy. A family tree is a simple example of a master-servant relationship.

In fact, because this is such an organic method of comprehending a hierarchical system, the connection is commonly referred to as a parent/child connection. A parent/child list is created which contains all of the “children” objects under their “parent” object.

Constructing a query that records the parent and their children is one of the difficulties encountered when dealing with hierarchical connections.

This is particularly tricky if the connection has more than one standard. Luckily, Oracle has developed a special characteristic that allows you to compose a query that utilizes the hierarchical structure to fetch data from the table. The basic syntax is as follows:

SELECT col1, col2, ...
FROM table
CONNECT BY PRIOR parent_col = 
START WITH condition;

When you classify frameworks, you create hierarchical structures of parent-child connections. A big organization, for instance, may have its corporate offices in one town as well as several branch offices that are affiliates of the head office.

You can lay out an institutional framework in which office locations are considered children, or wholly-owned subsidiaries functional areas, of the head office. Office locations can then be regarded as the parents, or greater business units, of regional branches. You can establish an organizational framework by a worker for each headquarters, with upper-level managers as parents of semi-management teams and mid-level supervisors as parents of staff.

Main Types of Cursors in Data Modeling

There are two main types of cursors in data modeling: Parent and Child. Oracle engine will create two cursors for each Sql query you perform: parent and child cursor. Two cursors are created because there may be discrepancies in the same Sql query, such as distinct bind value systems, two separate schema, distinct literal values, and so forth.

The parent cursor will comprise the SQL query, while the child cursor will hold data about the discrepancies. This essentially makes the child’s cursor play a significant role in whether a Command will be difficult or soft-decoded.

Most data storage frameworks guarded by latches are only shielded by one latch. In some instances, even so, more than one latch could be used. For instance, several library cache latches could be used to guard different types of objects in the library cache, and completely separate cache buffer chain latches could be used to safeguard each of the DBMS temporary storage cache hash chain systems.

Parent-Child Structure – Wrapping Up

A parent-child structure is distinguishable in that Characteristics and Indicators can be used colloquially, i.e., an Attribute such as Salaries can be designed as an Indicator, and an Indicator such as Income can be designed as an Attribute. As a result, if a column is handled as an indicator or a characteristic is wholly reliant on how the users want the disclosure to appear. This relationship is mostly based on the primary key and various other database constraints. These relationships and the join queries are responsible for the maintenance of the database management system.


About the Author

ByteScout Team ByteScout Team of Writers ByteScout has a team of professional writers proficient in different technical topics. We select the best writers to cover interesting and trending topics for our readers. We love developers and we hope our articles help you learn about programming and programmers.